Here we list some common Rock Climbing Techniques and Positions
Mantel: A series of moves to climb up onto a ledge. The climber pulls up on the ledge and then positions the arms under the body so he or she can push up onto straight arms, highstep up onto the ledge with a foot, then stand up. It is like getting out of a swimming pool, but is often easier said than done!
Undercling: A move that involves pulling up on a handhold, often a flake or incut edge, when the positive aspect of the hold faces down.
Lock-off: A position wherein the body is held in close to the wall off a handhold held tightly while the other hand reaches for the next hold.
Stemming: A move that involves applying counterpressure between two opposing surfaces; for example, in a corner, in a chimney, or between two large holds. Stemming is an excellent technique to learn for real rock climbing because it can provide a good resting position. Also called bridging.
Lieback: A crack climbing technique especially suited for offset corners. Arms pull on one side of the feature while the legs push against the opposite wall. Often strenuous.
Jamming: A crack climbing technique in which hands and feet are wedged into a crack for purchase.
Matching: Switching hands on a single hold.
Static: Accomplishing a move or series of moves in a very controlled and precise manner. Compare to Dynamic.
Dynamic: Performing a move, or moves, with much movement, even a lunge-type surge. Dyno for short, as in “dyno for the ledge.” An excellent technique for extreme climbing, but scary to perform when leading. Compare to Static.